In order to obtain longer free time before or after public holidays, workers may agree with their employers to work longer hours on another day of the week. In practice, it is customary to organize a working day between a holiday and a weekend in this way. But it can also be done more than a day`s work (for example. B between Christmas and New Year). Part-time work is the case where the weekly working time is less than the normal length of time set by law or collective agreement (for example. B 25 hours a week). Many collective agreements include provisions to extend normal working hours to more than 40 hours per week (for example. B up to 44 hours) if the average working time does not exceed, for a certain period of time, the normal weekly duration set by the collective agreement (usually 38.5 hours). In other words, there are more hours of work in one week and fewer hours in another to compensate for that. As a result, no overtime periods are accumulated during the reporting period. The code stipulates that any collective agreement must last at least one year, although the parties are free to accept a longer term and to do so frequently. During the duration of the agreement, changes to one of its provisions can only be made with the agreement of the union and the employer.
Disability both employers and employees, whether individually or represented by trade unions and employers` organizations, have the right to take action in labour courts to request all the clauses of collective labour regulatory agreements that they consider invalid (Article 43, Collective Work Act). A collective agreement runs until a 12-month period or until it is replaced, when the union or employer begins to negotiate before the expiry date. When the employer offers individual terms to the employee, the employer must negotiate in good faith and give the worker the time and opportunity to advise himself independently, such as when an employer offers an individual employment contract to a worker. Special payments are not set by law, but are most often set by collective agreement. Typical special allowances are annual vacation allowances and Christmas bonuses, also known as 13th and 14th month of salary, or annual leave bonuses and Christmas bonuses. The annual leave allowance and the Christmas bonus, which are usually paid in the summer and winter, each amount to about one month`s salary or one month`s salary. Collective agreements define compensation schemes that contain general rules for calculating minimum wages or minimum wages for different types of work, as well as a compensation system. In Sweden, about 90% of employees are subject to collective agreements and 83% in the private sector (2017).   Collective agreements generally contain minimum wage provisions. Sweden does not have legislation on minimum wages or legislation extending collective agreements to disorganised employers.