The signing of the agreement was already scheduled at a ministerial meeting in 2007, but was delayed at Egypt`s request.  The upstream countries then decided at another ministerial meeting in Kinshasa in May 2009 to sign the agreement without all countries signing at the same time. However, the signing was delayed and, at the next ministerial meeting held in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, in April 2010, it was again asked to postpone the signature. The water safety article (Article 14 ter) raised particular objections from Egypt and Sudan. The article states that Member States will cooperate to “ensure that the water security of another country in the Nile basin is not significantly affected.” Egypt and Sudan want the article “Water security and the current uses and rights of other countries in the Nile basin” without qualification to be “significant”.  Egypt`s former Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation, Mahmoud Abu-Zeid, sees the framework agreement as a positive start: “All have approved more than 95 per cent of the articles.”  An article on the protection and conservation of the basin and its ecosystem – such as the Sudd in Sudan – and an article requiring “prior consent” before the construction of new dams had also been unanimous in previous negotiations.  Representatives of the upstream countries said they were “tired of first obtaining Egypt`s permission before using Nile-river water for any development project such as irrigation,” as required by a first-time contract between Egypt and Great Britain in 1929.  The agreement does not contain fixed amounts of water for each riparian country. The agreement, once effective, will transform the NBI into a permanent commission for the Nile Basin. South Sudan had previously rejected the water distribution agreement, originally signed in 1959 between Egypt and Sudan. Part V describes the dispute resolution procedures that could result from the implementation and implementation of the treaty. It also provides for the establishment of bilateral or multilateral instruments (agreements) that would complement the CFA.
This agreement was signed between Egypt and Great Britain, which represented Uganda, Kenya, Tanganjika (now Tanzania) and Sudan.