The Agreement on the Conservation of Migratory Species (Bonn Convention or CMS) was adopted in Bonn in 1979 and came into force in 1985. The parties cooperate to preserve migratory species and their habitats by ensuring strict protection of threatened migratory species, concluding multilateral conservation and management agreements for migratory species that require or use international cooperation (see Appendix II), and conducting cooperative activities. The United Kingdom is a party to a number of environmental agreements. Conventions are the most common form of international agreements to promote a coordinated response to environmental management. They are often referred to as multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs). International cooperation in the protection of the Northeast Atlantic marine environment is provided by the OSPAR convention. By adopting Annex V in 1998, the Convention assumed a more global responsibility for protecting the environment in the region, including its biodiversity. The EU has already ratified many international environmental agreements, whether at the global level (multilateral agreements negotiated under the auspices of the United Nations) and at the regional level (for example. B within the framework of the UNITED Nations Economic Commission for Europe or the Council of Europe) and at the sub-regional level (for example.
B for the management of seas or cross-border rivers). A detailed table of international environmental agreements, to which the EU is already a party or signatory, has been drawn up. The themes covered in these agreements are very broad: biodiversity and nature protection, climate change, protection of the ozone layer, desertification, chemical and waste management, cross-border water and air pollution, environmental policy (including impact studies, access to information and public participation), work accidents, maritime and river safety, environmental responsibility. In addition, the main light reference agreements have also been grouped according to general environmental themes according to the structure of the situation plan. The action programme also contains a horizontal priority objective, which aims to help the EU more effectively address international environmental and climate challenges. It recalls that the Union intends to achieve good results in terms of accession to multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) and calls on the EU and its Member States to participate proactively in international negotiations on new and emerging issues. These strategic objectives can only be achieved if a number of important international environmental agreements are actively supported and properly implemented, both at EU and global level. Most environmental problems are cross-border and often global and can only be effectively addressed through international cooperation. That is why the Lisbon Treaty stipulates that one of the main objectives of the EU`s environmental policy is to promote action at the international level to address regional or global environmental problems, and in particular to combat climate change.