Twenty years later, partners from around the world are back in Rio de Janeiro to take stock of how these agreements have enabled the world to address the interrelated challenges of climate change, biodiversity loss and the fight against desertification and land degradation. To ensure compliance with the Rio Agreements (including the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development and Agenda 21), Earth Summit delegates established the Commission on Sustainable Development (SSD). In 2013, the CSD was replaced by the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, which meets annually in the framework of ECOSOC meetings and every four years in the framework of general assemblies. An agreement on the climate convention was an important achievement of the summit, which in turn resulted in the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement. Another agreement was to “not conduct activities on Indigenous peoples` lands that would cause environmental degradation or be culturally inappropriate.” Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 13 June 2012 – At the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), the secretariats of the conventions on biodiversity, climate and desertification and the Global Environment Facility are joining forces under the Rio Conventions pavilion to promote the implementation of these three multilateral environmental agreements for sustainable development. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) is an international agreement that links the sustainability of land management and land degradation to the environment. Among the areas examined, the convention focuses on the restoration of degraded ecosystems in drylands.  The 197-party UNCCD works to “create a future that avoids, minimizes and reverses the effects of drought in affected areas at all levels.”  Critics point out that many of the agreements reached in Rio on such fundamental issues as poverty alleviation and environmental sanitation have not been implemented. In addition, important legally binding agreements (Rio Convention) have been opened for signature: the topics covered include Africa, indigenous and local communities (both on 14 June), oceans (16 June), global celebrations of World Desertification Day (17 June), the economy and sustainable development (18 June) and will address gender in the implementation of the conventions (20 June).
and the role of cities (22 June). On the 21st A series of high-level events will take place on 6 June on the occasion of the twentieth anniversary of the three congresses. The CBD is currently following the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and its Aichi Biodiversity Targets, which are being used as an instrument to maintain synergies at the national level. Its mission is to “take effective and urgent measures to halt the loss of biodiversity, to ensure the resilience of ecosystems by 2020 and to continue to provide basic services, thus ensuring the diversity of life on the planet and contributing to human well-being and poverty eradication”.  The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNC), also known as the Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit, Rio, Rio Conference and Earth Summit (Portuguese: ECO92), was an important United Nations conference held from 3 to 14 June 1992 held in Rio de Janeiro. The first edition of Water Quality Assessments, published by WHO/Chapman & Hall, was presented at the Rio Global Forum. . . .